Non Ferous Metals.

Non Ferous Metals.
To put it simply, non-ferrous metals are all those metals that do not contain any amount of iron and, therefore, lack two of the most prominent properties of iron – magnetism and corrosion on exposure to oxygen, whether atmospheric or in any other form. In other words, owing to the complete absence of iron, these metals do not attract, nor are they attracted to, magnets. These metals also do not rust like iron does on being exposed to oxygen and moisture. That just means they can be processed or manipulated to be made into building materials that are far more durable than iron due to their resistance to corrosion!List of All Non-ferrous MetalsWhile there are a lot of naturally occurring metals and metal alloys that come under the category of non-ferrous metals, a decent number of metallic compounds have been created by mankind, especially during the last few decades, in a bid to come up with better, stronger and more corrosion resistant alternatives to iron as a building, fortifying and construction materials for buildings, instruments, transportation vessels and vehicles, etc.

Aluminum
Zinc
Copper
Lead
Chromium
Lithium
Vandium
Ruthenium
Beryllium
Titanium
Sodium
Magnesium
Scandium
Potassium
Calcium
Manganese

Molybdenum
Lanthum
Barium
Bismuth
Cobalt
Niobium
Nickel
Zirconium
Gallium
Yttrium
Rubidium
Strontium
Cesium
Technetium
Antimony
Osmium

Rhodium
Indium
Palladium
Silver
Gold
Cadmium
Thallium
Hafnium
Mercury (but of course!)
Tantanum
Tin
Platinum
Tungsten
Iridium
Rhenium

Tin is one metal which cannot be specifically put under either ferrous or non-ferrous category. Although it does not have any iron content, it does exhibit paramagnetic (white tin) and diamagnetic (gray tin) properties. Also, it does not rust like iron. In case you’re wondering what made me mention gold in this list, let me tell you that gold in its purest form is NEVER ferrous! Only when ferrous impurities get introduced to the alloy does gold show certain, very slight ferrous properties.

Alloy metals such as Duralumin (which is composed of a combination of copper and manganese in a 4:1 ratio besides aluminum), brass (which is 35% zinc and 65% copper) and Gliding metal (an alloy of 15% zinc and 85% copper) are some of the most prominent non-ferrous metal examples that are made by combining two or more other non-ferrous base metals. All these alloys share the same two basic non-ferrous qualities with their base metallic components – indifference towards magnets and resistance to corrosion.

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